Cognitive psychologists have identified several learning science strategies that greatly assist students to move learning from working memory (what we see demonstrated during lessons) to long-term memory (what they can actually remember and do afterwards). I am compiling a list of links that explain these processes for teachers and students who are at the stage of self-study.
The Learning Scientists describe six effective learning strategies which are
- spaced practice
- retrieval practice
- concrete examples and
- dual coding
Please find below links to simple explanations of these strategies and hints and tips to apply them to classroom teaching and learning, or self-study.
Six Effective Strategies
Spaced Practice – spread practice over time
Retrieval Practice – practice retrieving learning not just storing
Elaboration – explain and describe learning
Interleaving – mix up practice examples within a topic eg area formulas
Concrete Examples – to understand abstract ideas
Dual Coding – combine words and visuals